EU releases lower 6 GHz band for wireless network use: The European Commission has formally released 480 MHz of (low) 6 GHz spectrum to Wi-Fi. The announcement came in the form of publication of the new rules in the Official Journal of the European Union. The decision is binding for all EU member states. This in practice means that every EU member state must update their national frequency allocation plans to reflect the 6 GHz decision before December 1, 2021, sources say.
Italy to digitize its lagging administration: To digitize its lagging administration, Italy wants to team up with major American tech firms. Vittorio Colao, Italy’s minister for digitalization, said Thursday that 90 percent of servers in the state administration are outdated. The outdated equipment also increases the likelihood of cyber attacks. Italy is now planning to introduce a system by 2022 to secure the data and servers of at least 180 state institutions. In total, however, there are more than 22,000 government agencies waiting to be digitized.
ECB to launch digital euro experiment: The Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB) decided on Wednesday to launch the investigation phase of a digital euro project. The investigation phase will last 24 months and aim to address key issues regarding design and distribution. It will seek to steer the design of the digital currency to minimise financial crime, as well as assess its potential effect on banks, financial stability and monetary policy. The research will also shed light on the changes to the EU legislative framework which might be needed for introducing a digital euro. Fabio Panetta, a member of the ECB’s executive board, said in a blog post that the central bank will aim to start developing a digital euro once the investigative period is over. That subsequent process could take around three years, putting Europe on track to potentially roll out a digital currency in 2026. Discussions over a digital euro emerged in the wake of plans from Facebook to have its own digital currency.
ecb.europa.eu, politico.eu, cnbc.com, cnn.com
TensorFlow Lite to be available by default on Android: Google has announced an Inferez stack for machine learning (ML) applications for Android. At its core is the mobile framework TensorFlow Lite. After Google first introduced TenserFlow in 2017, it has been released in version 1.0 in spring 2019. The ML framework is used as the „little brother“ of TensorFlow on mobile devices and in the Internet of Things. The application area is supposed to be in inference, i.e. the conclusions that models draw from training. The ML platform is intended to unify and simplify the development of mobile machine learning applications on Google’s operating system.
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IOTA: Tangle-based system aims to rescue African exporters from paper tide cointelegraph.com
AI robotics design: Exhibition at the Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich introduces the world of artificial intelligence sueddeutsche.de
IIoT: OT demonstrator from Baramundi shows what architectures could look like in the future it-business.de
Event: Virtual conference „Internet of Things“ takes place on October 20 and 21 elektroniknet.de
Education: New master’s program IoT and intelligent systems starting in fall at FH Technikum Wien ots.at
NUMBER OF THE WEEK
Less than 10 percent of Africa’s population used the internet regularly in 2018.
How IIoT and MES work together to enhance operations: The IIoT has almost become synonymous with smart manufacturing and Industry 4.0. The IIoT provides the platform to support smart manufacturing applications. It provides the communications backbone between the sensors, devices, machines, controllers, databases and information systems. It connects to existing technology and wraps and extends its capabilities and its useful life. The IIoT has become so ubiquitous that many people believe it has replaced existing manufacturing applications, even ones that have been around for a long time. One of those long-standing applications that some people think is defunct is the manufacturing execution system (MES). The first real definition for MES came from MESA International in the form of the MES Model developed in the early 90s, but MES was around long before MESA International created the model.
Cleaner air thanks to city trees and IoT: The company Green City Solutions wants to use the capabilities of moss to filter particulate matter, CO2 and other harmful substances locally from the air. As a side effect, oxygen levels are increased and summer heat is reduced. Employees of the company planted moss on the vertical surfaces of street furniture in 2014. But since the moss is sensitive, it needed to be constantly monitored. An electronics expert with IoT expertise was thus needed to optimize the approach. In 2018, GSC managing director Peter Sänger and KD Elektroniksysteme joined forces. The goal of the collaboration was continuous, dynamic and at the same time energy-optimized remote control of the so-called City Trees. In addition, the cooperation made it possible to supply the moss-covered filter fields according to demand. For this purpose, KD Elektroniksysteme developed a system of complex switching and control devices. A so-called head unit, a specially developed circuit board in the control cabinet of each City Tree, regulates the processes of the individual filter modules, for example the filling level of the water tank as well as the temperature and humidity. The sensor system can be used to measure the fine dust load and integrated fans can be used to ensure optimum airflow. So far, the main users of the City Trees are metropolises such as London, Paris, Brussels, Hamburg and Berlin.
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PROJECT OF THE WEEK
HTW Berlin receives 2.9 million euros for AI workshop: The Berlin University of Applied Sciences (HTW Berlin) has received around 2.9 million euros in an AI funding program which will be used to establish a research-oriented AI workshop starting in October 2021 and an interdisciplinary teaching workshop for artificial intelligence starting in January 2022. HTW Berlin initially received 900,000 euros for the AI workshop from the „KI-Nachwuchs@FH“ program of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Through the BMBF program „Promotion of Artificial Intelligence in Higher Education“, around 2 million euros are available for the „AI Teaching Workshop Interdisciplinary“ for a project duration of four years.
„We’ve finally come out of that analog comfort zone.“
Digital expert and former head of Google Germany, Christian Baudis, sees the progress Germany made in the area of digitization during the COVID-19 pandemic as a positive. Nevertheless, the country still has a lot of room for improvement and catching up to do in the area of digitization.
German software developer hosts website on a pocket calculator: German software developer Tobias Mädel has turned a simple Casio graphing calculator into a web server and hosted a website on it. He also developed a working IRC client that can be used for chatting. To connect the calculator to the internet, Mädel uses what is known as SLIP encapsulation. According to Mädel, the conversion should also work with Casio 9860G graphic calculators.