IoT security situation is deteriorating: According to Palo Alto Networks’ IoT Threat Report 2020, there are an increasing number of risks when using IoT devices. A total of 4.8 billion internet-connected devices existed in 2019, but 98% of all IoT device traffic is unencrypted, exposing personal and confidential data on the network. Attackers who’ve successfully bypassed the first line of defense (most frequently via phishing attacks) and established command and control are able to listen to unencrypted network traffic, collect personal or confidential information and then exploit that data for profit on the dark web. 57% of IoT devices are vulnerable to medium- or high-severity attacks, making IoT the low-hanging fruit for attackers.
Smart farming has great potential for European farmers: Sensors in pigsties, drones for monitoring and systems for efficient irrigation – all of these are elements of smart farming. For the European agricultural industry – which is currently engaged in a tough price competition due to international pressure – the new IoT devices offer the opportunity to save costs and become more productive. Smart farming can also be used to improve animal welfare. Farmers can react more quickly if animals are sick when sensors detect abnormal behavior patterns or deviating biometric data such as body temperature. All of this increases the profit potential of European farmers.
58 percent of industrial firms use IoT: According to a Kaspersky study, only 58 percent of companies in the manufacturing industry rely on networked devices. The percentage is lower than in other sectors like the IT and telecommunications sector (71 percent), finance (68 percent), and the health and energy sector (both 66 percent each). The main reason for the reluctance in the manufacturing industry are security concerns. The risks are actually quite high: Kaspersky measured 105 million IoT cyber attacks in 2019 alone.
Measuring customer movements with sensors: Social distancing and distance regulations are becoming commonplace in everyday life thanks to the coronavirus pandemic. The new rules apply to supermarkets and pharmacies as well. Business owners can use IoT sensors to avoid crowds and long lines. Employees can ensure the flow of people by using motion measurement. IoT applications can also give customers information about when supermarkets are not too crowded, so that they can actively avoid crowds.
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NUMBER OF THE WEEK
45 percent of German municipalities want to digitize traffic.
Expert warns of missing security patches: Derek Manky works as a global security strategist for security specialist “Fortinet” and observes the evolution of cyber attacks. While PCs and Android smartphones were popular with hackers a few years ago, a growing number of hackers are now targeting networked devices. Especially popular targets are webcams or printers for which no security update or security patches are available. Manky complains that IoT companies often react negatively to indications of low security standards and show no willingness to change.
Airports can benefit from IoT and 5G: The faster 5G mobile communications standard makes it possible to implement a number of efficiency measures in air traffic and at airports, which could improve logistics as well as security. For example, sensors can be positioned on runways or used for luggage tracking. The use of mobile kiosks and robots is also conceivable. The measures could increase the comfort of passengers by recognizing early if queues form and helping to reduce them. Operating costs could also be scaled down. In addition, passengers can benefit from an improved information and entertainment offer through 5G.
PROJECT OF THE WEEK
15 cities are working on a Smart City app: With the support of Deutsche Telekom and the German Association of Cities and Municipalities, developers from 15 cities and municipalities are working on developing an app that will provide real-time information to citizens. The plan is to use the app for events and announcements, as well as practical information on new road damage for example. The app could also enable citizens to report illegal garbage deposits by themselves. The aim is to involve the inhabitants of cities in city planning at an early stage.
“This is aggregated, anonymized data and not individual data.”
The Deutsche Telekom is providing movement data to the Robert Koch Institute in order to better assess the containment of the coronavirus. The institute’s president Lothar Wieler reassured German citizens that this data does not involve sensitive information.
Italian researchers investigate Stradivari violins: In search of the unique sound of Stradivari violins, researchers in Italy are measuring the musical instruments’ sound generation using Siemens technology. The goal is no longer to copy the instruments, but rather to create digital twins in order to analyze their special properties.